INFORMATIVA

Il sito utilizza cookie tecnici e di terze parti per migliorare i servizi offerti e ottimizzare l'esperienza dell'utente. Proseguendo la navigazione - senza modificare le impostazioni del browser - accetti di ricevere i cookie. Se non desideri ricevere i cookie, modifica le impostazioni del tuo browser, ma sappi che alcuni servizi non funzioneranno correttamente. Learn more

I understand

Cookie

Informativa e acquisizcione del consenso per l’uso dei cookie sul portale web http://pcnitalia.mise.gov.it ai sensi del Provvedimento n. 229 dell’8 maggio 2014 del Garante per la protezione dei dati personali.

 

Cosa sono i cookie?

 

Di seguito la definizione contenuta nel punto 1 della premessa al Provvedimento del Garante di cui sopra:

 

Considerazioni preliminari.I cookie sono stringhe di testo di piccole dimensioni che i siti visitati dall’utente inviano al suo terminale (solitamente al browser), dove vengono memorizzati per essere poi ritrasmessi agli stessi siti alla successiva visita del medesimo utente.

Nel corso della navigazione su un sito, l’utente può ricevere sul suo terminale anche cookie che vengono inviati da siti o da web server diversi (c.d. “terze parti”), sui quali possono risiedere alcuni elementi (quali, ad esempio, immagini, mappe, suoni, specifici link a pagine di altri domini) presenti sul sito che lo stesso sta visitando.

Cookie tecnici. I cookie tecnici sono quelli utilizzati al solo fine di “effettuare la trasmissione di una comunicazione su una rete di comunicazione elettronica, o nella misura strettamente necessaria al fornitore di un servizio della società dell’informazione esplicitamente richiesto dall’abbonato o dall’utente a erogare tale servizio” (cfr. art. 122, comma 1, del Codice).

 

Essi non vengono utilizzati per scopi ulteriori e sono normalmente installati direttamente dal titolare o gestore del sito web.

Possono essere suddivisi in cookie di navigazione o di sessione, che garantiscono la normale navigazione e fruizione del sito web (permettendo, ad esempio, di realizzare un acquisto o autenticarsi per accedere ad aree riservate); cookie analytics, assimilati ai cookie tecnici laddove utilizzati direttamente dal gestore del sito per raccogliere informazioni, in forma aggregata, sul numero degli utenti e su come questi visitano il sito stesso; cookie di funzionalità, che permettono all’utente la navigazione in funzione di una serie di criteri selezionati (ad esempio, la lingua, i prodotti selezionati per l’acquisto) al fine di migliorare il servizio reso allo stesso.

Per l’installazione di tali cookie non è richiesto il preventivo consenso degli utenti, mentre resta fermo l’obbligo di dare l’informativa ai sensi dell’art. 13 del Codice, che il gestore del sito potrà fornire con le modalità che ritiene più idonee.

 

I cookie servono a migliorare i servizi che ti offriamo, ad esempio:

consentono a un servizio di riconoscere il tuo dispositivo, per evitarti di inserire più volte le stesse informazioni nel corso di un'attività

calcolano quanti utenti stanno usando i servizi, in modo da agevolarne l'utilizzo e assicurare la capacità necessaria a una navigazione veloce.

 

Se non ci autorizzi a usare i cookie, determinate funzioni e pagine non possono funzionare come previsto.

Se desideri eliminare i file cookie eventualmente già presenti sul tuo computer, leggi le istruzioni del tuo browser cliccando sulla voce “Aiuto” del relativo menu.

What are the OECD Guidelines?

Guidelines civer 

 

Introduction

The content of the “Guidelines for multinational enterprises"

The 2011 update of the Guidelines

Text of the Guidelines

The OECD website dedicated to the Guidelines

 

Introduction

The "OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises" (more simply, the "Guidelines") are a body of recommendations from the Governments that signed the OECD Declaration of 27 June 2000 on multinational enterprises, outlining “voluntary principles and standards for a responsible behaviour of businesses in fulfilling any applicable laws”.

Their purpose is to stimulate a positive contribution that multinationals can bring to the economic, environmental and social advance while minimizing the difficulties that may be determined by their different activities.

This body of recommendations has gradually evolved over time to adjust to the profound changes that have occurred in the world economic context: the growing globalization, the increasingly stronger interdependence of national economies, cooperation as a tool for stabilization and international balance. By signing the Guidelines, signatory Governments confirm the importance of multinationals and see their role as a potential economic development factor since they can transfer knowledge and technological capabilities, stimulate local entrepreneurial initiatives, make eco-sustainable investment, introduce improved work methodologies and advanced industrial models.

The Guidelines are aimed at facing the concerns arising from a rapid economic development affecting fundamental values such as the environment; the social and economic emancipation, the protection of the competition, by means of responsible conducts allowing to overcome the existing differences between the different legal frameworks, in favour of the society and of the sustainable development. 
Therefore, the scope of the "Guidelines for multinational enterprises" covers all production sectors and goes beyond multinationals to extend to the entire supply chain of companies and to SMEs.

The will to seek the widest possible scope of application of the "Guidelines", in fact, clearly emerges from the very definition of multinational enterprises, that is extremely broad, stating that they are "enterprises or other entities located in several Countries, connected in such a way that they can coordinate their operations in different ways”.
The application of the "Guidelines" should promote an in-depth dialogue between governments and businesses, with the participation and systematic involvement of labour unions, associations, non governmental organizations, representatives of civil society and all those who pursue the same aims as the “Guidelines” and/or are interested in their implementation. Also, to avoid an improper or distorted use of the "Guidelines", the signatory countries have accepted three commitments:

  • vis-à-vis businesses, to put in place behaviours aimed at ensuring that businesses follow the content outlined in the “Guidelines ";
  • vis-à-vis other Governments, not to use the "Guidelines" for the purpose of protectionism or to the detriment of a country’s comparative advantage, to make their legislation on multinational businesses compliant with international law, to cooperate in good faith and to use, if necessary, international mechanisms to settle any disputes resulting from the activities of businesses.
  • vis-à-vis themselves, to introduce effective internal mechanisms including a stable macroeconomic policy, a non discriminatory treatment of businesses, an adequate regulatory framework, a focused, prudential supervision, a justice as well as an unbiased law enforcement and an effective, honest Public Administration.

The promotion and appropriate application of the Guidelines is followed by the Italian National Contact Point. In Italy, the NCP was established by art. 39 L. 273/2002 and falls within the activities of the Ministry of the Economic Development, General Directorate for Production Development and Competitiveness.

The content of the “Guidelines for multinational enterprises"

The Guidelines cover the entire universe of business relations and activities. The text consists of three parts:

• Part I:
Part I describes the behaviours and practical methods that multinationals are supposed to adopt in their activities and in their relations with third parties, directly or indirectly involved with their operations. In particular, recommendations cover the following: Publishing information, Employment and Industrial Relations, Environment, Fight against Corruption, Consumers’ interest, Science and Technology, Competition, Fiscal issues.

• Part II:
Part II describes the structure and activities of bodies that play a key role for the proper application and circulation of the Guidelines, like the National Contact Points (NCPs) and the OECD Investment Committee. 

The 2011 update of the Guidelines

The 42 Governments adhering to the Guidelines adopted the 2011 update at the 2011 50th Anniversary Ministerial Meeting.

Since the last review of the Guidelines in 2000, the landscape for international investment and multinational enterprises has continued to change rapidly. The world economy has witnessed new and more complex patterns of production and consumption. Non-OECD countries are attracting a larger share of world investment and multinational enterprises from non-adhering countries have grown in importance. The financial and economic crisis and the loss in confidence in open markets, the need to address climate change, and reaffirmed international commitments to development goals have prompted renewed calls from governments, the private sector and social partners for high standards of responsible business conduct.

Among the features of the update please note the following;

  • a new chapter (IV) on the observance of human rights, with the express responsibility of the company and its partners to observe them in its activities, and with express reference to the Ruggie’s Framework and to the main principal international standards;
    a strengthened the fight against forced and child labour;
  • a stronger link between the rights of workers (defined as "workers employed", instead of “employees”) and human rights;
  • updating of the instruments and standards referred to in the Guidelines;
  • the business responsibility of implementing a system of due diligence for the prevention of risks in the subject matters of the Guidelines;
  • the express responsibility of the enterprises for the activities of their supply chain affecting the subject matters of the Guidelines and for the promotion of a responsible behaviour in their business partners;
  • the responsibility of a correct relationship with the stakeholders;
  • some important innovations in the procedure for the management of the specific instances, designed to enhance collaboration between the NCP, to settle some particularly complex cases, to ensure greater transparency and certainty.

Text of the Guidelines

Text of the "OECD Guidelines for multinational enterprises"

More in this category: Text of the guidelines OECD »